Basically, a case study is an in depth study of a particular situation rather than a sweeping statistical survey. What happened to little, red-haired Hannah Poling is hardly unique in the world of autism. It is a method used to narrow down a very broad field of research into one easily researchable topic. Start your research at the library and/or on the Internet to begin delving into a specific problem. Hannah, now 9, recovered from her acute illness but she lost her words, her eye contact and, in a matter of months, began exhibiting the repetitive behaviors and social withdrawal that typify autism. This method of study is especially useful for trying to test theoretical models by using them in real world situations. Outlier cases (that is, those which are extreme, deviant or atypical) reveal more information than the potentially representative case. Something happened after the vaccines, ” says her mom, Terry Poling, who is a registered nurse and an attorney.
The case study has been especially used in social science, psychology, anthropology and ecology. A special federal vaccine court has yet to award damages, but the recommendation, made public last week, is causing a sensation in the autism advocacy community. A panel of medical evaluators at the Department of Health and Human Services concluded that Hannah had been injured by vaccines — and recommended that her family be compensated for the injuries. Tuberculous meningitis is globally highly prevalent and is commoner in resource-limited countries and in patients with immunosuppression. Alternatively, a case may be selected as a key case, chosen because of the inherent interest of the case or the circumstances surrounding it. For instance, clinical science has produced both well-known case studies of individuals and also case studies of clinical practices. Whilst it will not answer a question completely, it will give some indications and allow further elaboration and hypothesis creation on a subject. There are also various uses for writing case studies, from academic research purposes to provision of corporate proof points.
Search for case studies that have been published on the same or similar subject matter. There are approximately four types of case studies: illustrative (descriptive of events), exploratory (investigative), cumulative (collective information comparisons) and critical (examine particular subject with cause and effect outcomes). Robotic device-assisted knee extension training during the early postoperative period after opening wedge high tibial osteotomy: a case report. Corporations may choose illustrative case study method to show what has been done for a client; schools, educators and students may select cumulative or critical case study method and legal teams may demonstrate exploratory (investigative) case study method as a way to provide factual evidence. Strategy for the treatment and follow-up of sinonasal solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma: a case series. Determine which case study type, design or style is most suitable to your intended audience. For example, if an anthropologist were to live amongst a remote tribe, whilst their observations might produce no quantitative data, they are still useful to science. In clarifying lines of history and causation it is more useful to select subjects that offer an interesting, unusual or particularly revealing set of circumstances.
Central nervous system tuberculosis is one of the severest forms of extrapulmonary tuberculosis during pregnancy and associated brain tuberculomas have been rarely reported. After becoming familiar with the different types and styles of case study instructions and how each applies to your purposes, there are some steps that make writing flow smoothly and ensure the development and delivery of a uniform case study that can be used to prove a point or illustrate accomplishments. Government health officials have conceded that childhood vaccines worsened a rare, underlying disorder that ultimately led to autism-like symptoms in Hannah, and that she should be paid from a federal vaccine-injury fund. When selecting a subject for a case study, researchers will therefore use information-oriented sampling, as opposed to random sampling. A case selection that is based on representativeness will seldom be able to produce these kinds of insights. The case study research design have evolved over the past few years as a useful tool for investigating trends and specific situations in many scientific disciplines. With the availability of neuroimaging at our hospital center, we present the first case of tuberculous meningoencephalitis associated with brain tuberculomas during pregnancy.
These case studies are likely to appear in formal research venues, as journals and professional conferences, rather than popular works. Identification of a novel mutation in PEX10 in a patient with attenuated Zellweger spectrum disorder: a case report. The panel said that Hannah had an underlying cellular disorder that was aggravated by the vaccines, causing brain damage with features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Anti-glomerular basement membrane glomerulonephritis following nintedanib for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: a case report.